Posted in Children, Christian, Classic, Fantasy, Liked It

Prince Caspian

This story takes place a year after the events in the Lion, Witch, and the Wardrobe. Peter, Susan, Edmund, and Lucy as summoned to Narnia by Caspian who blows Susan’s magical horn. Readers will remember that Susan was wearing the horn on their last day in Narnia. The horn had been lost for ages. Their job was to help Prince Caspian reclaim his throne. 
After the Pevensie children returned to our world, Narnia was conquered by a race of men known as Telmarines. These men feared the mythical creatures of Narnia as well as the sea. As a result, Narnians went into hiding. The woods grew till Cair Paravel was cut off from the rest of Narnia. Approximately 1300 years have passed when they returned. 

Prince Caspian is the crown prince of Narnia. His uncle Miraz is his Regent as his father, Caspian the IX was dead. Prince Caspian’s nurse taught him about Old Narnia. However, she was sent away when Caspian inadvertently told his uncle of the stories. At this point Caspian was taught the skills necessary to become a warrior. His tutor was Doctor Cornelius, who was part dwarf. Dr. Cornelius also taught him about old Narnia. However, Caspian was now smart enough to realize that he should keep his lessons quiet. Several years past, before Miraz was able to produce an heir. At this point, Caspian’s life was in danger. So Dr. Cornelius sent him from the castle one night with Susan’s horn. During his flight, Caspian fell off his horse. He woke up in the company of Trufflehunter, Trumpkin, Nikabrik- Old Narnians. The trio took Caspian around with them to meet all the true inhabitants of Narnia. After meet Glenstorm, the Centaur, they realize that the time of war is upon Narnia- and Caspian must lead them. In their counsel of war, they decide to use the horn. They believe (Dr. Cornelius has joined them at this point) that the horn will summon the Pevensie four. However, Dr. Cornelius believes that the four will be summoned to their castle at Cair Paravel. Trumpkin is dispatched to bring them back. He is captured along the way, but the four rescue him. 
They reach Caspian before the battle begins. But they have to fight off a werewolf and hag Nikabrik has brought into their counsel in order to resurrect the White Witch. Peter and Edmund stop that but Caspian is injured. In order to give the weary Narnia troops some time to rest, Peter decides to challenge Miraz to personal combat. Meanwhile Lucy and Susan, who are with Aslan, go to wake up Old Narnia. During the combat, Miraz is killed by his own treacherous men, and the battle starts in ernest. Alsan, Lucy, Susan, and the rest of the Old Narnians come to the rescue. Caspian is made the High King of Narnia. Peter and Susan reveal that they will not be coming back to Narnia as they are too old. 

Now the interesting question is how is Caspian. The only reason I bring it up is because Ben Barnes, the character who plays Caspian in the movie is older than the little boy who played Caspian in the BBC version. The clue can be found in a review of the process by which a boy became a knight. There is speculation that Caspian was 13 when the Pevensies returned. I’m thinking he may have been a bit older. A boy began his training as a knight when he was 8 years old. As we see in the beginning of his story, Caspian’s made some dumb comments to his uncle. The type of comments that a small child would make. Soon after his begins his training. The book says some years past before Queen Prunaprismia has her baby. During this time he we are told he learned heraldry, archery as well as sword fighting. Now from what I’ve read, although swordsmanship was taught to pages, the training did not begin for real until they reached the squire level which is when they would have received their first set of armor. This was around 15 or 16 years of age. This would have put him closer to Peter’s age. In fact in chapter entitled Sorcery and Sudden Vengeance, Peter notes that Caspian is about his own age. We know from the Voyage of the Dawn Treader that Peter was taking exams and being tutored by Professor Kirk. I believe in the English school system (Litlove correct me if I’m wrong) there is a set of exams taken when students are around 17 years of age. So Peter was probably 17 in Voyage of the Dawn Treader which would have made him 16 in Prince Caspian. We also know from this same book that a year had passed on Earth since Prince Caspian while 3 years passed in Narnia. We know that at the end of Voyage of the Dawn Treader, Caspian marries Ramandu’s daughter prior to returning to Narnia. Which would make more sense if Caspian was 18 or 19 years old rather than sixteen. In addition, we are told by Caspian that he had waged a major battle against the giants a year before his voyage. I think that’s a bit much for a 15 year old to accomplish. So no, I’m fairly confident that Caspian was probably 15 or 16 when Prince Caspian takes place.

Posted in Children, Christian, Classic, Fantasy, Loved It

The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe

The Professor, although kind, does not spend much time with the children. So they are left to amuse themselves. On the eventful rainy day they play hide and seek inside the house. Lucy hides inside an old wardrobe only to discover she has entered a magic world full of snow. She meets and has tea with the faun Mr. Tumnus. While at tea she is told about the state of affairs of Narnia- namely the White Witch has made it so that it is always winter but never Christmas. After narrowly escaping Tumnus’ treachery, Lucy returns home eager to share her experience with her siblings. However no one realized that she was gone!!! Peter and Susan are convinced that Lucy is either lying or going mad.
Some time goes by and Lucy returns to the wardrobe and re-enters Narnia. Unbeknownst to herself, Edmund follows her inside. He meets the White Witch and is put under and enchantment. She tells him she will make him prince of Narnia if he returns with the rest of his siblings. On his way back to the wardrove he runs into Lucy. Lucy is thrilled at first because she thinks Edmund will back her story. However he betrays her.
Days pass. Eventually the four end up hiding in the wardrobe to escape a group of people touring the house. They all realize that Lucy was right. She decides to take them to visit Tumnus; however, he is gone- he was captured by the White Witch’s secret police. The four are found by Mr. Beaver and taken to his house.
They discover that the White Witch is not the rightful Queen of Narnia. The ruler of Narnia is always human. The Witch rather than being a Daughter of Eve is a Daughter of Lilith Adam’s first wife.
According to Jewish mysticism, Adam had a first wife named Lilith who was made as he was from dirt (rather than the rib like Eve). The legend says that during their intimacy Lilith refused to “lie below.” Lilith fled into the dessert and was responsible for birthing many demons.
Ok, so now you get it- the White Witch is totally evil. The Beavers also tell the children about the prophecy at Cair Paravel. They also tell them that Aslan, the true King of Narnia, is on the move and that they must go to him. During these revelations, Edmund slips away to join the White Witch. Once he is discovered missing, the Beavers and children flee to the Stone Table. When Edmund arrives at the castle, the White Witch gives chase.
In the end they all meet at the Stone Table (Aslan’s army rescues Edmund before the Witch executes him). But the Witch makes a claim on Edmund’s life. See in the magic that was put in Narnia “at the dawn of time” all traitors belonged to the Witch as her lawful prey to be killed on the Stone Table. If she was not given the traitor, then Narnia would perish. Aslan agrees to take Edmund’s place. What the Witch does not realizes is that before the “dawn of time” there was a different incantation. If an innocent victim took a traitor’s place, death would be denied to that victim and the Stone Table would crack.
So anyway, there is an epic battle and the Witch is eventually overthrown. The four become kings and queens and bring a Golden Age to Narnia. One day the chase a stag into the forest and stumble back into the house in the country. No time has passed. They tell the Professor, who doesn’t seem the least bit surprised by their adventure. He does assure them that they won’t get back into Narnia through the Wardrobe again.
I loved this book as a child. I still do. This was the first time that I found myself actually getting lost in the plot. When I would finish the book I would almost stagger to find myself back in the real world. For those not over familiar with Christianity there are a lot of allegorical elements in the book. The biggest is that Aslan dies for Edmund and is resurrected. Make no mistake, this book is NOT an allegory!!!!! (Pilgrim’s Progress and Hind’s Feet on High Places are actual allegories). As you will see from the other books in this series, Aslan is a “type.” But this is Narnia’s version of Christianity; the king of kings in this world is a lion.

Posted in Children, Christian, Classic, Fantasy, Loved It

The Magician’s Nephew

by C. S. Lewis

This book is Simarillion Light. Those out there that have read the Simarillion will understand what I mean. Although this book was not written first, chronologically, it is the first in the Narnian Chronicles.

We are introduced to Diggory and Polly, two young children living in London during the late 1800’s. Diggory’s father is away in India, and his mother is deathly ill. As a result Diggory lives with his Aunt Letty and his mad Uncle Andrew. The two children make friends one day and spend a lot of time in the attic above their houses. One day the children realize that the attics above their houses all connect and that if they go through to the end they will end up in the empty house at the end of their street. The children tried very hard to calculate the distance; but somewhere they messed up and ended up in the mad Uncle’s study.

Uncle Andrew allows the children to leave and gives them each a ring for their troubles. As Polly takes hers she disappears. Uncle Andrew goes on to tell Diggory the story of the rings:

He had a real fairy godmother. When she died she told him to destroy a certain box. Uncle Andrew did not follow her wishes. Instead, he became a Magician and went through great trouble to learn what was in the box. The box was Atlantean in design; but it contained fine sand from outside of our world. The Uncle realized that I one could get the sand in the right form, it would be capable of transporting a person elsewhere. Polly was he first sentient success.

Diggory takes a ring and goes and get Polly. However, the rings didn’t work like expected. The “outward” bound ring took both children to the World between Worlds, a wooded place with countless pools of water. They children decide to explore. The first and only place they go was the world Charn.

Charn is a deserted world with an ancient red sun. Diggory and Polly explore a bit and find themselves in a great hall with wax like figures and a bell. Diggory foolish strikes the bell and releases Jadis, last Queen of Charn from an enchanted sleep. She tells them her story:

The Queens and Kings of Charn possessed magical ability. She and her sister fought for control of the throne. At first they fought with armies, but then supposedly her sister started fighting with magic. It seemed her sister would win because the entirety of Jadis’ army had been slaughtered. Jadis used the Deplorable Word (which she had learned in secret) to destroy every living thing on her planet.

Jadis decides to go back to their world and lay claim to it. The children unsuccessfully leave Charn without her. Then they inadvertantely bring her back to England, where she reeks havoc. The children eventually corner her and use the rings to take her back, but they end up dragging along Uncle Andrew, a cabbie, and horse. Once they reach the World between the Worlds, they drag everyone into the first pool they see. This world is dark– at first.

The whole group are present at Naria’s creation. Unlike the creation of Earth which was spoken into existence, Narnia is sung into to being by Aslan, a lion. During this song, Jadis whose understanding of magic was immense tried to prevent Aslan from singing by throwing the lamp post she was holding at him. When this does no harm, she fled.

The children, Cabbie, and Uncle Andrew witness the creating of animals. They also watch as Aslan creates Talking Beasts. Aslan does address the children and cabbie (Uncle Andrew ran away). Aslan made the cabbie, Frank the King and then summoned his wife Helen as Queen. The children, particularly Diggory, were given a different task. As Diggory had brought evil into the world he had to do something to protect young Narnia for a time. They were sent far away to a hill with an apple orchard. Diggory had to retrieve an apple from the tree in the center and return to plant it.

Diggory and Polly made this journey, on Fledge, the Father of Flying Horses (the cabbie’s horse). Once they arrived Diggory went in alone. To his horror he met Jadis who had climbed the wall into the orchard rather than come in through the front gate. She had also taken and eaten one of the apples. She said that the apple would give immortality and urged him to take the apple back to his mother rather than take it back to Aslan. After much internal stuggle, Diggory takes the apple back to Aslan.

He plants it. Meanwhile the coronation began. During this time the tree grew large in the space of hours. Aslan tells the children that the tree will protect the Narnians from the Witch. When the children question this due to the Witch eating one of the apples, Aslan explains what happens when one takes the apple in the wrong way. If Diggory had taken it upon himself to get the apple, Narnia would have turned out to be a harsh world like Charn rather than gentle. The Witch took the apple to live forever; and the apple would grant her desire. However, her long life would become repulsive to her. Had Diggory taken the apple to his mother, she would have recovered but she would have looked back and thought it preferable to have died in that illness. However, since Aslan gives Diggory the apple, this will not happen.

Aslan takes the children home. They stop by the Woods between the Worlds, and Aslan warns the human race regarding its behavior. He also instructs them to remove the rings from Uncle Andrew’s possession and get rid of them.

Diggory’s mother does get well. The two planted the apple core in the back yard. It grew quickly; and although the tree didn’t have the same magical properties as it was in Narnia, the fruit was unusually healthy. Eventually the tree was destroyed in a storm, and Diggory had a wardrobe built with it.

On one hand this story was very much like the Simarillion because it had almost the same, “In the beginning” feel. However, this book unlike the Simarillion was much easier to read. The Simarillion was like trying to read the King James Version of the Bible. Lewis copied a lot of the elements of tis book from Tolkien, his mentor. In the Simarillion, Middle Earth was sung into being, Also in this “song” evil although discord does bring a greater redemptive “beauty” in time. This was the first set of books that I read more than one time. Reading this book was the first time that I had ever experienced a book drawing me into its pages where I lost myself in it till the book was done.
Although the story has many allegorical elements, i.e. Witch in the Orchard like the snake in the Garden, make no mistake this is not an allegory. This is a completely different world where different laws and physics apply.

This book is a worthwhile addition to the home library.